How Physiotherapy can Help with Diabetes?

 

Diabetes is a chronic disease, which means it lasts a long time or often someone’s whole life.

What happens?

In people with diabetes, insulin is no longer produced or not produced in sufficient amounts by the body. So when people with diabetes eat glucose, which is in foods such as bread, cereals, fruit and starchy vegetables, legumes, milk, yoghurt and sweets, it can’t be converted into energy. Instead of being turned into energy the glucose stays in the blood. This is why blood glucose levels are higher in people with diabetes.

Complications:

Diabetes leads to high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), which over time, causes complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, lower leg amputations and eye problems. People with diabetes are three times more likely to be admitted to hospital with heart disease (including high blood pressure), 12 times more likely to be hospitalized with kidney disease, and 20 times more likely to require a leg amputation than people who are not diabetic.

Treatment:

There is no Cure for Diabetes but there are three ways to control and maintain the condition:

 

 

  1. Medication/ Insulin – Injection
  2. Diet
  3. Exercise

Treatment of type 2 diabetes often includes medications to reduce blood glucose levels. Aggressive medical management of blood glucose has long been the norm for people living with diabetes, and many people with type 2 diabetes are treated with pills, injections or a combination of both to control their blood glucose.3 However, there has been some indication that this approach can, over time, lead to a variety of complications and negative outcomes.

Thus, the BEST way to control is DIET and EXERCISE

How can Physiotherapist help?

Research has demonstrated that effective treatments to improve blood glucose and cardiac risk factors include intensive lifestyle interventions and behaviour modification and that structured exercise interventions are more effective than general advice to be more active. That’s how physiotherapy can help people with, or at risk of developing diabetes.

Physiotherapists are movement experts.

Physiotherapists can help:

  1. By providing tailored exercise recommendations that consider a person’s baseline activity level and other health concerns.
  2. By coaching people to make the type of behaviour changes that are needed to improve patient outcomes in diabetes.
  3. With lifestyle change to treat diabetes itself,
  4. People with diabetes manage the complications and conditions associated with diabetes. For example, some physiotherapists work in the area of wound care, treating people with diabetic foot wounds and providing advice regarding skin care and footwear to help prevent wounds,
  5. By focusing on balance, which can be impaired in diabetics who have sensation loss in their feet due to peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage),
  6. With pain management and treat people with pain caused by diabetic neuropathy.

What to Expect from your Visit?

Your physiotherapist will assess both your general health and fitness and also your specific needs. They will then give you advice and may draw up an individual exercise programme or give you a specific treatment.

Conclusion:

  1. Diabetes is a non-curable chronic disease which can be controlled by medications, diet and exercise.
  2. Physiotherapist are specialized to assist you in controlling diabetes in various ways
  3. Expert Physiotherapist help in managing the complications and assist you to have a better quality of LIFE.

image credit: https://traineracademy.org/

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